For several years Conserve Italia has been offering its members cropping plans that come within the industrial programmes and also combine with the members' agronomic needs. The inclusion of leguminous crops allows producers to use plants that increase soil fertility, by enriching it with nitrogen, and also improves its structure.
Technical and agronomic innovations
Conserve Italia, in recent years has been striving to cultivate vegetables using irrigation systems and setting water management plans that enable the farmer to increase the efficiency of this agronomic technique. Water is an essential production factor in agriculture both for plant and animal production.
The amount of water needed to produce vegetables depends on the conditions of the soil, the range of crops and temperatures. It is therefore essential to use more efficient irrigation techniques and practices which allow a water to consumed more sparingly, with the aim of safeguarding sustainable agricultural production.
In order to ensure better eco-compatibility of its crops, Conserve Italia carries out periodical technical meetings with its Member producers on optimising distribution techniques of plant protection products depending on the type of parasite, on the plant growth stage and weather conditions.
Chemical analysis of the soil is an essential element of support in developing a correct plan for fertiliser use on fruit and vegetable crops. Soil analyses allow you to:
- better target the processes, irrigation and the choice of crop varieties;
- identify any nutrients that may be lacking and that may, therefore, limit agricultural production;
- detect whether certain nutrients are already in high doses allowing fertiliser use to be limited;
- contribute to a correct diagnosis of any crop alterations or diseases by identifying deficiencies, imbalances or excesses in fertility elements.
(for some horticultural produce)
To harvest vegetables that are grown in the fields of the member agricultural producers, Conserve Italia has its own fleet of machines which has been renewed and strengthened since 2002.
In total, the fleet consists of 21 threshers for peas and borlotto beans with a total harvesting capacity of 3,250 hectares for peas and 1,200 hectares for borlotto beans. The fleet includes 3 harvesters for green beans which have a total harvest capacity of 800 hectares.
Weather data sharing and processing of forecast models
Conserve Italia has activated 21 meteorological units that are distributed over the national territory and allow temperature, humidity and rainfall to be monitored in the single zones in which they are placed. A computerised forecast model also enables you to determine the optimal harvest time of certain products.
A specific forecast model for tomatoes, calculates the threshold in which it is necessary to intervene with the use of plant protection products to prevent the formation of important diseases; this is done so as not to use plant protection products unless absolutely necessary and, in any case, to make more sparing use of them while achieving better results.
New research projects and agricultural experimentation
Conserve Italia is committed to agricultural research and experimentation. The main activities consist of the evaluation of new fruit, tomato, vegetable and industrial sweet corn varieties, within the cultivation areas of the member cooperatives, the development of agricultural techniques and the evaluation of defence techniques against fungal and parasitic threats.
In particular, there are ongoing assessments of new varieties of different industrial syrup peaches, different types of industrial tomatoes, new varieties of super-sweet corn, peas, green beans and borlotto beans. Some cultivation tests, for chick peas in Tuscany and Apulia and for cannellino beans in Veneto and Sardinia, have been carried out.